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Programmes i.e. decisions on how to decide: examples

The word 'programme' is short-hand for a method to decide on a decision-method, in other words, a procedure to select a mode of governance. Here are some examples.

Expert deliberation

Experts have deliberated about voting systems and finally voted for approval voting. See:

 Laslier, J.-F. (2011) And the loser is. . . majority voting

     hal-00609810 HAL-nr. 13


Expert consultation

The High-Level Advisory Board (HLAB) on Effective Multilateralism of the United Nations (UN) is consulting experts and the public on new modes of global governance (in particular, multilateralism) to be decided by the UN member states during the Summit of the Future in 2023. See:

Jury verdict

Proposals for alternative modes of governance have been submitted to a jury, which (in some not publicly known way) selected winners and granted prices to the top 3 for further elaboration. The selection was not rigid because some winners proposed actual measures (like taxes) instead of modes of governance, while others resorted to inapplicable terminology (like quantum mechanical principles.) See the Global Challenges Foundation. 


Its goal on the bottom of

is stated as 'the development of decision systems that can better and more accurately minimize, and preferably eliminate, the major global threats to humanity.'


The contest:

Top 64:

Top 4 or 5:

Top 3:













Selecting from a list of desirable properties of a decision procedure, as suggested for this project on a separate page
















Policy Design Guide of the Wellbeing Economy Alliance (WEAll)

This guide describes how to collectively design new policies to arrive at an economy which increases wellbeing rather than financial indicators. As such, it would be applicable to other areas than the economy but more expertise on collective decision-making could be tapped on, as with Tolma. See this comparison.  

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